Rottweiler Behavior Explained

So, what is normal Rottweiler behavior? What character traits spring to mind when you think of this breed?

Well, I don't know what you answered here, but it's perfectly possible that the ones you're thinking of are not part of the true Rottweiler temperament at all!

Did the words 'guard dog, aggressive or mean' come to mind? Or even 'big, slobbery or scary'?

Now, how about replacing those with 'intelligent, calm, devoted, adaptable, confident'..... they're actually a much more accurate description of the Rottweiler breed.

Of course, there's no one-size-fits-all answer to the question of Rottweiler behavior, and that's because every dog is an individual with his/her own unique personality.

But any well-bred Rottweiler should display certain recognizable behavioral characteristics.

After all, apart from the obvious physical differences, these are what makes him/her a Rottweiler rather than a Labrador Retriever or a Boxer.


The Official Rottweiler Temperament

Rottweiler head in profile

The ADRK (Allegmeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Klub) is the German governing organization for the Rottweiler breed.

It's also responsible for setting, maintaining, and updating/revising the Breed Standard at an international level.

This is the organization that 'gave birth' to the Rottweiler breed and is the ultimate authority when it comes to the integrity of the breed.

The ADRK Breed Standard describes Rottweiler behavior and temperament like this....

'... good natured, placid in basic disposition and fond of children. Very devoted, obedient, biddable and eager to work... self assured, steady and fearless....'


Here in the USA, the AKC (American Kennel Club) Breed Standard characterizes the correct Rottweiler temperament in this way.....

'Calm, confident and courageous, with a self-assured aloofness... an intelligent dog of extreme hardness and adaptability, with a strong willingness to work...'


These descriptions give you a good idea of what to expect from an adult Rottweiler who is well-bred and has been raised correctly.

It's important to know that Rottweiler behavior should never include indiscriminate aggression, or appear vicious, 'sharp', fearful or nervous (skittish).

Unfortunately poorly-bred, poorly-socialized and improperly raised Rottweilers (and there are a LOT of them), may carry these personality traits. Be aware of this and choose your puppy or dog carefully. If you're purchasing your Rottie, only buy from responsible and reputable breeders.


Rottweiler Behavior - What It Means For You

Rottweiler adolescent peeking over wall

Rottweilers are very loving, affectionate dogs. They prefer to be 'where the action is' and are only really happy when they're a part of the family.

Your pup/dog will probably want to stay close to you whenever possible, and will bond closely with 'his/her' humans.

No matter how big your 'baby' gets, climbing into your lap for a cuddle will always seem perfectly reasonable to her!

One aspect of Rottweiler behavior that's often misinterpreted as 'growling', is their habit of 'rumbling' down deep in their throat. Although rumbling is the best way I know to describe the sound, it's definitely not an expression of discontent - quite the opposite!

Rotties make this noise sort of the way cats purr. They most often do it when they're being petted, or they're happy, or just as a way of communicating with their people. I love the sound, and it's a rumbling, grunting sort of noise that is so endearing.

BUT people unfamiliar with the breed, and who may be nervous around them due to their 'reputation', often think the dog is growling at them or threatening them. If your new puppy makes this sort of noise don't worry about it, it just means that he's happy.

Growling is quite different, and is usually accompanied by body language that shows fear or aggression such as lip curling, snarling, ears back, hackles raised and so on. You will probably recognize this quite easily!

Of course, being natural guardians, Rottweilers are a protective and territorial breed. No matter how calm and gentle your dog is with the people she knows and trusts, she will undoubtedly use her considerable strength and abilities to protect 'her' people if she feels that they are in danger or being threatened.

This is normal Rottie behavior, but it can translate into a dog who refuses to let anyone they don't know set foot in 'their' yard or home, or who tries to protect family members from threats that aren't really there.

For example, if your child is screaming and laughing because daddy is tickling her, your Rottie may think that she's being hurt... and take measures to protect her. You can see how this could end, and it clearly demonstrates why proper socialization, training and 'ground rules' are so important when raising a Rottweiler puppy.

Socialization and interaction with a wide variety of people, places and situations helps a Rottweiler to learn to distinguish between 'normal non-threatening' people and behavior, and the kind that spell danger.

They're a surprisingly sensitive breed, and although they can be inclined to be dominant, Rotties readily recognize and respect authority when it is presented in a confident, fair and calm way.



The Pro's & Con's of Rottweiler Behavior

All dog breeds have their own special quirks and traits, it's what makes them so special and individual.

It's also what makes them suitable, or unsuitable, for certain people, environments or situations.

Rottweilers are big, strong, intelligent dogs and I wouldn't recommend them for first-time dog owners, small/frail people or those who aren't confident around dogs or have little canine experience or knowledge.

Although they're usually wonderful with children, Rotties are powerful and can be clumsy and uncoordinated when adolescent.

For this reason I personally think that a family with children under 3, or frail/elderly members, would be better choosing another breed!


The Positives:

  • Intelligent, with a huge capability to learn

  • Confident, calm and self-assured

  • Loving, affectionate, devoted and loyal

  • Adaptable and versatile. A great 'all-rounder'

  • Protective without being indiscriminately aggressive

  • Tolerant, loving and protective of children

The Negatives:

  • Needs lots of space to grow, develop and play

  • Can be clumsy, uncoordinated and rambunctious as a puppy

  • Strong willed, with a tendency to dominate and display stubbornness

  • Inclined to herd children or animals, and to 'bump' or lean against people

  • Naturally wary of strangers, territorial and protective

  • This is a breed with it's fair share of health issues and a relatively short life-span

  • They need the X-L size of everything.... and that can get expensive!

You'll notice that the negatives, or 'cons', of Rottweiler behavior are often the flip-side of the positives, and it is up to you as owner and 'parent' to shape these traits correctly.

For example.... Rottweilers are very intelligent, and this intelligence can be a 'double-edged sword'.

If a pup is treated with love and patience, and is consistently shown the correct ways to behave. If she's trained as she matures, with positive methods, and she gets the opportunity to use her intelligence in a sport or activity such as obedience training, tracking, agility and so on, she'll be happy and well-adjusted.

BUT, if she's ignored or ill-treated, not trained or given a chance to learn, she'll quickly become bored. This can lead to destructive behavior, and she'll turn that smart little brain of hers to ways of escaping, causing damage, or 'bucking the system'.

She will be extremely creative, and not in a good way!

If you're considering a new dog, take all the time you need to research different breeds before coming to a decision.

A dog is a big commitment, and when that dog is a Rottweiler it's even bigger!


There are many great books that you can use to learn more about this amazing breed. I own at least a dozen, and I've learned something new from every one of them.

Here are just a few of the ones I'd recommend.....



Home <<< Back To Top