Female Rottweilers – All You Need to Know

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Rottweilers are a popular dog breed known for having large sizes, as well as great temperaments. Female Rottweilers have some differences from male ones, and we are going to consider them in this article.

What is the difference between the female Rottweiler and the male one? A major difference between the two animals is size. Male Rotties are usually larger in size than females, although some females may grow larger than males due to genetics or some other such factor.

There are other differences between a male and female Rottweiler, some of which are very obvious and others quite subtle. We’ll consider these differences next.

Differences between the female and the Male Rottweiler

Size: The female Rottie is large, compared to many other dog breeds, although not as large as some giant dogs. The animal can grow as tall as 22 inches to 25 inches and can weigh as much as 77 pounds to 110 pounds.

However, the Male Rottie is a little larger, growing as tall as 24 inches to 27 inches, and weighing more than the female at 110 to 132 pounds.

Longevity: Rottweilers have an average lifespan of about 8 years to 12 years, provided the animals are well taken care of. This lifespan is okay for a large dog breed. However, female Rotties tend to live longer than male ones.

Level of Affection: Female Rotties are said to show a lot of affection towards family members and get easily attached. In the same vein, the female dog demands a lot of attention from owners and would love to be petted a lot.

Male Rotties are also affectionate and want attention from family members, but are not as particular about it as the females are. Handling a female Rottweiler is an easier task than a male for an experienced owners, however, Rotties are headstrong breeds so look to their owners to be in charge. Inexperienced or first time owners may not be well suited to Rotties.

Energy levels: This breed is an active one, and while the female Rottie has high energy levels and is very active, the male Rottie’s energy surpasses hers.

Heat Period: Female Rotties usually have a heat period, or Estrus, as it is called scientifically. This is the period in which the female dog is ready for sexual reproduction. Spayed females will not usually go into heat, and so, if you do not plan to breed your female Rottie, it is advised that you spay the animal. Spaying has benefits such as eliminating the risk of ovarian cancers.

Male Rotties do not undergo heat, but their sexual drives will kick in during this period, and the animals would want to mate with the female. Therefore, if you have a male around during this period, it will be best to keep the animal away from the bitch if you do not want them to breed.

Training: Some people argue that training female Rotties is an easier task than training their male counterparts.

Strength: Male Rotties are of a sturdier and weightier build, and so, these dogs are stronger than the females.

Similarities between the Female Rottweiler and the Male Rottweiler

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Loyalty: This breed is known as very loyal to family members, and this is absolutely true. The loyalty of a Rottie knows no bounds. Rotties will fiercely protect family members and always want to partake in activities and be around them.

Just ensure that you do things that will make your dog love you, like providing good food, attention, and every other thing that the animal needs, and you will have a very loyal Rottie, be it male or female.

Level of intelligence: It is common knowledge that Rotties are highly intelligent dogs. This high level of intelligence that Rotties possess makes it easy to train the animals as the dogs will easily be able to grasp commands compared to some other dog breeds.

Many people argue that a female Rottie is more intelligent than a male. However, there is no real fact that shows whether a female Rottie is more intelligent than a male or vice versa.

Protectiveness: Both dogs are fiercely protective of family members and what they consider their turf. This is why Rotties are not very good with strangers and will watch them warily. To get your dog comfortable with strangers and other people, socialization and training at an early age are important.

Questions about the Male and Female Rottweilers

Is a female Rottweiler a better Guard Dog than a Male Rottweiler?

Both dogs have fierce protective instincts where family members are concerned. The male Rottie’s bigger build and strength make for a more formidable-looking guard dog, but the female Rottie is no slacker, either and will show a high level of protectiveness if it feels that its owners or cubs are being threatened.

Which one should I get between a Female and a Male Rottweiler?

The answer to this question depends on the qualities you want in a dog. With the differences and similarities between Rottweilers that are listed above, you should be able to gauge the behaviors of the dogs and know which one you would prefer.

Do Rottweilers bark a lot?

No, they do not. Rotties are mostly quiet dogs that do not bark, unless there is a reason for them to do so, such as a threat or an intruder. A Rottie that barks constantly when there is no threat in sight might just be bored and need exercise.

If this is the case, then it is best you take the animal out for a walk or game as destructive behaviors are bound to follow if you fail to do anything about the dog’s boredom.

Are female Rotties more aggressive than male ones? 

Rottweilers are not naturally aggressive dogs, despite their large sizes and what some people think. These animals are best suited to experienced and firm owners who know how to be in charge, train the dog, and be the alpha.

The combination of a large size and strength that the Rottie possesses, along with a fierce protective streak where loved ones are concerned might be why people think that this breed is aggressive. Males possess more strength than females and this strength can help the animal to get what it wants more quickly than the female, as well as make the animal seem fiercer.

Grooming and Exercise Requirements of the Rottweiler

Grooming requirements

Taking care of your Rottie is necessary, and luckily enough, the dog has a short coat that is easy to groom. To groom your Rottie, all you need to do is to brush the animal about two to three times a week to get rid of shed hair.

Bathing doesn’t need to be done frequently, as doing it too often can strip the animal of the essential body oils and cause dry skin. Bathing your dog once every seven to eight weeks is enough to keep the animal’s coat healthy and shiny.

Also, you need to brush your pet’s teeth as often as once every week to prevent bad breath. There are dog toothpastes for doing this, and you can get one to use for your pooch. You can get away with trimming your pet’s nails monthly. 

Take a look at this article for more information about how to groom your Rottie

Exercise requirements

All dogs, regardless of breed, require some form of exercise or the other. Rotties, being the high energy level breed that they are, require rigorous exercises in form of daily walks, jogs, trips to the dog park, or playing games.

If you have a home with a fenced yard, your dog will benefit from it as the animal will be able to roam around in the yard and exercise. If you do not have a yard, however, you must make time to take the dog out to burn off excess energy and prevent boredom.  Always remember to leash your dog before taking a walk.

Apart from walks, you can play games like hide the treat, in which you hide a treat somewhere in your house and make your pooch search for it. Rotties love this game, and you will have fun playing it with the animal. Another game that you can play with your dog is fetch.

Other fun things you can do with your Rottie include setting up an obstacle course, organizing a play date for the animal with other dogs (this will help with your dog’s social skills), and playing a tug of war game.

Health problems of the Rottweiler

Rottweilers, like other dog breeds, are prone to developing health problems. The health problems that may affect the animal include:

Hip dysplasia: This is one of the most common health conditions to affect the Rottie. Hip dysplasia is a condition in which the ball and socket joint of the hip does not develop as they should or do not fit properly. The condition can be severe or mild, with severe cases causing serious pain to the dog and requiring surgery.

Symptoms of the condition include reluctance to move around like usual, pain, limping, lameness in the hindquarters of the dog, reduced thigh muscle, and reduced activity.

Elbow dysplasia: In this painful genetic health condition, the elbow bones of a dog do not fit as they should because of growth abnormalities. Ultimately, this condition could lead to loss of function of the elbow. The symptom of elbow dysplasia is a lameness of the front limb that worsens over time. Treatment could mean surgery depending on whether the case is mild or severe.

Cancer: Cancer is one of the most common causes of the deaths of Rottweilers. Various types of cancers which may affect this breed include lymphoma (which is a cancer of the lymphatic system), spleen cancer, bone cancer, and liver cancer. Treatment for this disease involves chemotherapy or radiation therapy to kill the cancerous cells. 

Progressive Retinal Atrophy: This disease is also an inherited one that leads to progressive blindness over months or years. Unfortunately, there is no cure for this disease.

Other health conditions that Rotties are susceptible to include cataracts, aortic stenosis, Osteochondritis, and allergies. Apart from these health issues listed above, Rotties are also prone to being obese.

This is why, although it is important that you feed your dog quality food every day, you shouldn’t overdo it by overfeeding the dog, no matter how much your pooch will want you to do so. Obesity makes these animals easily susceptible to health issues like heart failure, diabetes, breathing problems, overheating, and others.


Both female and male Rottweilers are awesome dogs for anyone to have. They have differences, with the females weighing a little less than the males and being a little smaller in size. However, the two sexes both have fierce protective instincts when it comes to defending family members and territories.

Female Rottweilers undergo Estrus, or heat period, and tend to live longer than males, while male Rotties are a little stronger and have higher energy levels than the females. Nonetheless, both animals have the same level of loyalty, intelligence, and protectiveness and will both make a wonderful addition to any household.

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About The Rotty lover 2159 Articles
My name is Dr. Winnie. I earned a Bachelor of Science in Psychology from Duke University, a Masters of Science in Biology from St Georges University, and graduated from the University of Pretoria Veterinary School in South Africa. I have been an animal lover and owners all my life having owned a Rottweiler named Duke, a Pekingese named Athena and now a Bull Mastiff named George, also known as big G! I'm also an amateur equestrian and love working with horses. I'm a full-time Veterinarian in South Africa specializing in internal medicine for large breed dogs. I enjoy spending time with my husband, 2 kids and Big G in my free time. Author and Contribturor at SeniorTailWaggers, A Love of Rottweilers, DogsCatsPets and TheDogsBone